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Lifestyle influences on the association between pre-diagnostic hormone replacement therapy and breast cancer prognosis - results from The Danish 'Diet, Cancer and Health' prospective cohort

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Marianne Holm, Anja Olsen, Niels Kroman, Anne Tjønneland

OBJECTIVES: The association between pre-diagnostic hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and breast cancer specific mortality as well as potential influences from other lifestyle factors on the association was investigated.

STUDY DESIGN: Female participants from the prospective cohort "Diet, Cancer, and Health" diagnosed with breast cancer (BC) were identified and their pre-diagnostic HRT use evaluated for association with tumour biology and breast cancer outcome in multivariate analysis.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Breast cancer specific mortality.

RESULTS: Of the 1212 patients originally considered 1064 were included. Of these, 105 women died from breast cancer during a median follow-up of 6.3 years (range 0.2-14.3 years). In multivariate analyses women who used HRT at enrolment into the cohort study had 47% lower risk of dying from breast cancer as compared to women who had previously or never used HRT (adjusted HR: 0.53; 95% CI, 0.37-0.85). Pre-diagnostic HRT use was associated with smaller tumour size at the time of diagnosis and a higher frequency of receptor positive breast cancer. Paradoxically, a high pre-diagnostic intake of vitamin D supplements was associated with HRT use but also with a higher BC specific mortality (HR: 1.47; 95% CI, 1.07-2.00) CONCLUSIONS: HRT use at enrolment was associated with breast tumours of smaller size at the time of diagnosis and positive receptor status, and with a lower BC mortality. The found association between vitamin D from supplements and higher BC mortality warrants further exploration.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMaturitas
Vol/bind79
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)442-8
Antal sider7
ISSN0378-5122
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2014

ID: 137328346